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Harvest of the Month

February - Beef

Beef
This month we have an all-new Vermont Harvest of the Month crop...beef!  All beef products come from different parts of a cow, and it is a great source of high-quality protein and nutrients, particularly iron.  Cows are native to India but spread to China, Africa, and Europe where they were then brought to America by European explorers in 1493.  Now, cows can be found all over the globe in many different types of cuisine.  The United States produces about 20% of the world's beef making them the largest producer in the world followed by Brazil, Europe, and China.  Check out this story about the rising success of beef production right here in Vermont.

All beef products come from different parts of a cow. Cows are native to India but spread to China, Africa, and Europe where they were then brought to America by European explorers in 1493. Now cows can be found all over the globe in many different types of cuisine. The United States produce about 20% of the worlds beef making them the largest producer in the world followed by Brazil, Europe and China.


Determining the Doneness of Steak
Many cooks often learn how to determine the doneness of their steak by comparing the firmness of their meat to the firmness of their palm.

Begin by sticking out your hand and using your other finger to press on the part of the palm below the thumb; this firmness represents a raw steak. Now take that same hand and touch your index finger to your thumb, touch the same part of your palm with your other finger again and this compares to a rare steak.

Continue touching each finger to your thumb and compare the firmness until you reach your desired doneness.

Open hand = Raw
Index to thumb = Rare
Middle finger to thumb = Medium Rare
Ring finger to thumb = Medium
Pinky to thumb = Well

Benefits
Beef is an excellent source of 10 essential nutrients: Protein, zinc, vitamin B12, selenium, phosphorus, choline, niacin, vitamin B16, iron and riboflavin.

Fun Facts
  • There are 5 terms to describe cattle:
         Bull - Male animal
         Steer – Male animal that was castrated and cannot breed
         Cow – Female animal that has had a calf
         Heifer – Female animal that has not had a calf
         Calf – Young male or female animal
  • The hide from one cow can make 144 baseballs or 12 basketballs.
  • The average American eats about 200 pounds of beef each year. 
  • Cows are Ruminants which means their stomachs have four separate compartments to digest their food multiple times.
  • Beef is a great source of protein and amino acids to help you grow.
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